New York University
Processing Properties of ON and OFF Pathways for Drosophila Motion Detection
Monday 05 January 2015
Location: Oxford Martin School, Old Indian Institute, 34 Broad Street, Oxford
Abstract: Flies possess two parallel motion channels specialized for detecting moving light or dark edges. Each of these pathways requires two critical processing steps: differential delay between the spatial input channels in each pathway, and asymmetric treatment of light and dark contrast signals. While the neural substrates that define the input and output channels of the ON and OFF circuits have been identified, the neural implementions of these two critical processing steps remain elusive. Using in vivo patch-clamp recordings, I show that four medulla interneurons exhibit these processing properties. The interneurons Mi1 and Tm3 respond selectively to brightness increments, with the response of Mi1 delayed relative to Tm3. Conversely, Tm1 and Tm2 respond selectively to brightness decrements, with the response of Tm1 delayed compared to Tm2. Hassenstein-Reichardt correlator models that are constrained by these measurements produce outputs consistent with previously measured tuning properties of motion detectors in flies.
Biography: Rudy Behnia received a Ph.D. at the MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology in Cambridge, where she worked on Golgi membrane trafficking with Sean Munro. She is currently an EMBO and HFSP Long-Term Postdoctoral Fellow in the laboratory of Claude Desplan.